Louis Paulsen and Paul Morphy compete in the final of the 1st American Chess Congress which was held in New York in 1857. The American Chess Congress was a predecessor to what we know today as the United States Chess Championship. The game enters a Spanish, Four Knights where Morphy offers up a pawn for a slightly expedited development. Paulsen soon returns the pawn in the middlegame, and makes an interesting decision soon thereafter to allow Morphy a post for his queen directly in the heart of the white position, seeking some active queenside play as compensation. By move 16, the game had reached a critical point, and after move 28 a chess gem was produced.